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【转载】-巧记100组同义词  

2015-06-27 15:35:30|  分类: 【英语学习】 |  标签: |举报 |字号 订阅

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本文转载自流动的光彩《英语词汇---巧记100组同义词》
        1. 一……就……

  as soon as

  the moment,

  the minute,

  immediately,

  the instant,

  instantly

  2. 尽可能

  as … as possible

  as…as you can

  3.乐意做……

  be glad to do sth。

  be pleased to do sth。

  be happy to do sth。

  be delighted to do sth。

  have pleasure to do sth。

  4.准备做……

  get ready for sth。

  get sth. ready

  be ready for sth。

  be ready to do sth。

  prepare for sth。

  prepare oneself for sth。

  prepare to do sth。

  prepare sth. for sb。

  be prepared for sth。

  5. “邀请”与“请求”

  Would you like to do sth.?

  Would you like sth.?

  Would you please do…?

  (回答:I’d love to 。)

  6.“没用”

  It is no use (in)doing sth。

  There is no use doing sth。

  It is useless to do sth。

  It is no good (in) doing sth。

  7. “结果”

  so …that…

  enough to do sth。

  too … to…

  8. “花费”

  sb. spends some time/money on sth

  sb. spends some time/money (in) doing sth。

  sb. pays some money for sth。

  sb. buy sth. for some money。

  (sb sells sth. for some money。)

  sth. costs sb. some time/money

  It costs sb. some money/time to do sth。

  It takes sb. some time/money to do sth。

  It takes some time/money for sb. to do sth。

  9. “为了”

  so that (引导目的状语从句)

  in order that (引导目的状语从句)

  so as to do sth. (引导目的状语,只位于句尾)

  in order to do sth. (引导目的状语,可首可尾)

  to do sth. (引导目的状语,可首可尾)

  10. “以至于不”

  too…to…

  so …… that…not…。.

  not…enough to…

  11. “习惯”

  be used to doing sth。

  be accustomed to doing sth。

  12. 表示建议的表达

  What about sth./doing sth.?

  How about sth./doing sth.?

  Why not do sth.?

  13. “出什么毛病了”

  What’s the matter with…?

  What’s wrong with…?

  What’s the trouble with…?

  What happens to…?

  14. “为什么不”

  Why not do sth.?

  Why don’t you do sth?

  15. “不但……而且……”

  not only…but also

  not only…but…

  not only…but …as well

  16.“劝阻”“阻止”

  stop sb. from doing

  keep sb. from doing

  prevent sb. from doing

  discourage sb. from doing sth。

  dissuade sb. from doing sth。

  17. “相处”

  get on with sb。

  get on well with sb。

  get along with sb。

  get along well with sb。

  mix with sb。

  mix well with sb。

  18. “因为”

  thanks to

  due to

  because of

  as a result of

  owing to

  19.“形式”

  It’s + adj. (for/of sb. ) to do sth. (形式主语)

  find/think/feel it + adj. + to do sth. (形式宾语)

  20. stress 句型汇总

  be stressed out

  be under a lot of stress

  takestand the stress 忍受压力

  put stress on sth. 强调

  21. “弥补”

  make up for

  compensate for

  22. “在…看来”

  in one’s opinion,

  to one’s mind

  in one’s view

  in one’s eye

  according to sb.

  23. “丢”

  be lost

  be missing

  be gone

  24. “著名”

  be famous for sth.

  be famous to sb.

  be famous as + 职位

  be famous to sb. as+ 职位

  be known for sth.

  be known to sb.

  be known as+ 职位

  be known to sb. as+ 职位

  25. “满意”

  be satisfied with

  be pleased with

  be happy with

  be delighted with

  26. “为……而高兴”

  be pleased for sb

  be happy for sb.

  be glad for sb.

  be delighted for sth.

  27. “祝贺”

  congratulate sb. on sth.

  congratulations to sb. on sth.

  28. “道歉”

  apologize to sb. for sth.

  make an apology to sb. for sth.

  29. “玩得高兴”

  have a good time

  have fun (doing sth.)

  enjoy oneself

  30. “决定”

  decide to do sth.

  make a decision to do sth.

  determine to do sth.

  be determined to do sth.

  make a determination to do sth

  resolve to do sth.

  make a resolution to do sth.

  make up one’s mind to do sth.

  set one’s mind to do sth.

  31. “使役”

  make sb. do sth.

  let sb. do sth.

  have sb. do sth.

  get sb. to do sth.

  set sb. to do sth.

  32. to表示 “的”

  the key to the door

  the key/answer to the question

  the solution to a problem

  the way to sp.

  the entrance to sp.

  be on a visit to sp.

  pay a visit to sp.

  a trip to sp.

  a ticket to sp. (a ticket for + 比赛名称)

  33. “花了”

  pay some money for sth.

  spend some money on sth.

  buy sth. for some money.

  cost sb. some money

  34. “怎么样”怎么样表达?

  What do you think of sth.?

  How do you like sth.?

  What’s your view on sth.?

  How do you feel sth.?

  What’s your opinion about sth?

  35. 对……的态度:

  be kind to sb.

  be nice to sb.

  be friendly to sb.

  be amiable to sb.

  be polite to sb.

  be respectful to sb.

  be impolite to sb.

  be rude to sb.

  be mean to sb.

  be patient with sb.

  be impatient with sb.

  be angry with sb. at sth.

  be mad with sth.

  be strict with sb. in sth.

  36. 疑问词+动词不定式

  what to do

  how to do sth.

  where to do sth.

  when to do sth.

  whether to do sth.

  37. “刚……就……”

  hardly…when…

  no sooner… than…

  be about to do sth. when…

  38. like句型汇总

  like sth./sb.

  like doing sth

  like to do sth.

  would like to do sth.

  would like sth.

  feel like doing sth.

  feel like sth.

  look like…

  what’s … like…

  39. need句型汇总

  need sth/sb.

  need to do sth.

  need sb. to do sth.

  need doing sth. =

  need to be done

  needn’t do sth.

  Need…do sth.?

  (need 作情态动词时常用于否与疑)

  in need of = in want of

  in great need of

  meet the needs of

  40. “到达”

  get to sp.

  arrive in/at sp.

  reach sp.

  41. interest句型汇总

  be interested in sth.

  have interest in sth./doing sth

  interest sb. in sth./doing sth.

  lose interest in sth/doing sth

  It’s interesting (for sb.)to do sth.

  a place of interest

  42. tell句型汇总

  tell sb. sth.

  tell sth. to sb.

  tell sb. about sth.

  tell sb. to do sth.

  tell sb. not to do sth.

  tell A from B

  tell the difference between A and B

  43. “相同”

  be the same as

  look like

  be similar to

  44. “拜访”

  call at sp

  call on sb.

  drop in at sp.

  drop in on sb.

  注意call on 还有“号召”的意思,句型为

  call on sb. to do sth.

  45. hope与wish句型汇总

  hope to do sth.

  hope that……

  wish to do sth.

  wish sb. to do sth.

  wish that…

  hope sb. to do sth. (╳)

  46. “翻译”

  translate … into…

  turn … into…

  change … into…

  47. suggest句型汇总

  suggest that……(虚拟语气)

  suggest to sb. that……

  suggest that……(表明 )

  suggest doing sth.

  suggest sb. to do sth. (╳)

  48. advise句型汇总

  advise sb. against sth/doing sth

  advise sb. to do sth.

  advise sb. not to do sth.

  49. …to doing sth汇总

  look forward to doing sth.

  devote oneself to doing sth.

  devote one’s life to doing sth.

  pay attention to doing sth.

  be used to doing sth.

  be accustomed to doing

  stick to doing sth. 坚持做……

  adapt to doing sth.

  admit to doing sth.

  apply to doing sth.

  be addicted to doing sth.

  be dedicated to doing sth. 致力于;献身于

  be indifferent to doing sth.

  be opposed to diong sth.

  be similar to doing sth.

  get down to doing sth.

  give one’s mind to doing sth.

  give rise to doing sth.

  lead to doing sth.

  object to doing sth.

  prefer doing A to doing B

  respond to doing sth.

  take to doing sth. 喜欢上;从事;养成…的习惯;沉湎于…

  turn to doing sth.求助;转而从事于

  in addition to doing sth.

  50. “容忍”

  put up with

  stand

  bear

  tolerate

  endure

  51. “对……厌烦”

  be tired of

  be fed up with

  be sick of

  be bored with

  52. tired句型概览

  be tired of 对…厌倦,对……烦

  be tired with/from sth./doing sth. 因…感到疲劳

  be tired out 精疲力竭 (=be exhausted)

  53. “擅长”

  do well in sth.doing sth.

  be good at sth.doing sth.

  be expert at sth.doing sth.

  be clever at sth.doing sth.

  be great at sth.doing sth.

  be excellent at sth.doing sth.

  be skilled at sth.doing sth.

  be adept at sth.doing sth.

  54. “弱”

  be weak in

  be bad at

  be poor at

  55. 感叹句句型汇总

  what + a/an + adj + [C] + 主+ 谓!

  What + adj+ pl./[u] +主+ 谓!

  How + adj/ adv + 主+ 谓!

  How + 句子!

  56. “双宾语”总揽

  show sb. sth →→ show sth. to sb.

  pass sb. sth. →→ pass sth. to sb.

  post sb. sth. →→ post sth. to sb.

  give sb. sth →→ give sth. to sb.

  take sb. sth. →→ take sth. to sb.

  lend sb sth. →→ lend sth. to sb.

  throw sb. sth. →→ throw sth. to sb.

  do sb. harm →→ do harm to sb.

  offer sb. sth. →→ offer sth. to sb.

  wave sb. sth. →→ wave sth. to sb.

  tell sb. sth. →→ tell sth. to sb.

  send sb. sth. →→ send sth.to sb.

  wish sb. sth. →→ wish sth. to sb.

  read sb. sth. →→ read sth. to sb.

  teach sb. sth. →→ teach sth. to sb.

  telegraph sb. sth. →→ telegraph sth. to sb.

  sing sb. sth. →→ sing sth. to/for sb.

  write sb. sth. →→ write sth. to sb.

  save sb. sth. →→ save sth. for sb.

  order sb. sth. →→ order sth. for sb.

  pour sb. sth. →→ pour sth. for sb.

  make sb. sth. →→ make sth. for sb.

  buy sb. sth. →→ buy sth. for sb.

  cook sb. sth. →→ cook sth for sb.

  get sb. sth. →→ get sth. for sb.

  win sb. sth. →→ win sth. for sb.

  His hard work won him a lot of praise.

  His hard work won a lot of praise for him.

  leave sb. sth. →→ leave sth. for sb.

  57. “毛病”

  there is sth. wrong with sth./sb.

  sth. is wrong with …… →

  58. doing与to do,意思别模糊

  forget doing sth. 做了忘了

  forget to do sth. 忘了做了

  remember doing sth. 记得已做

  remember to do sth. 记住要做

  stop doing sth. 停止做

  stop to do sth. 停下来去做

  watch/see/hear sb. doing sth. 看/听见在做

  watch/see/hear sb. do sth. 看/听见做

  go on doing sth. 继续做(同一件事)

  go on to do sth. 继续做(另一件事)

  try doing sth. 努力做

  try to do sth. 尝试做

  mean doing sth. 意味着…

  mean to do sth. 打算做

  learn doing sth. 学过… (不一定会)

  learn to do sth. 学会做

  59. “告别”

  wave sb off 挥手告别

  wave goodbye to sb.

  say goodbye to sb.

  see sb. off

  60.给某人打电话

  call sb

  ring sb.

  call up sb.

  ring up sb.

  phone sb

  phone sb. to do sth.

  give sb a phone

  give sb. a call

  call sb. at+电话号码

  dial +电话号码

  61. “吃惊”

  be surprised at

  be amazed at

  be astonished at

  be astounded at

  be shocked at 对……很震惊

  62. “生气” 的句型

  be angry with sb.

  be angry about sth.

  be angry at sb./sth.

  be angry with/at sb. about sth.

  be angry that……

  be mad at sb.

  be annoyed with sb.

  63.“严格”三句型

  be strict with sb.

  be strict in sth.

  be strict with sb. in sth.

  64. “根据”

  base A. on/upon B

  A be based on/upon B

  65.“尽力”句型汇总

  try to do sth.

  try one’s best to do sth.

  do one’s best to do sth.

  do one’s upmost to do sth.

  put one’s effort into sth./doing sth

  spare no effort to do sth. 全力以赴做…

  endeavor to do sth. 竭尽全力做……

  go out of one’s way to do sth.

  66. “哪儿残疾”

  be blind in…

  be deaf in…

  be lame in

  67. “视而不见”与“充耳不闻”

  be blind to

  close one’s eyes to sth.

  be deaf to

  68.“洗耳恭听”与“目不转睛”

  be all ears

  be all eyes

  69. “与某人做生意”

  do business with sb.

  make a deal with sb.

  70. “surprise”句型汇总

  in surprise

  to one’s surprise

  be surprised at sth./doing sth.

  with a surprised look

  71.“call”句型汇总

  call sb.

  call sb.up

  call on sb. 拜访某人

  call on sb. to do sth. 号召某人做…

  drop in on sb 拜访某人

  call at sp.

  call sb. at + 电话号码

  call off sth/dong sth. = cancel sth/dong sth.

  put off sth./doing sth. = postpone sth/dong sth.

  72. “care”句型汇总

  care sth. 在意…

  care for sth./sb. 喜欢…; 照顾…

  care about sth./sb.关心…;担心…;对…感兴趣

  take care of

  take good care of

  take care to do sth.

  take care not to do sth.

  be under the care of

  be careful about/of…

  be careless about/of…

  It’s careless of sb. to do sth.

  73. “如何打、抓人”

  catch sb. by the +身体部位

  grasp sb by the +身体部位

  hit sb. on/in the +身体部位

  tap sb. on the back/shoulder

  74. 关于“up with” 的句型

  catch up with 追赶

  keep up with 与…保持一致

  put up with 容忍

  come up with 提出

  be fed up with 厌恶

  75. “choose”句型总汇

  choose to do sth

  choose sb as +职位

  choose A before B 选择A而非B

  choose sb. sth.

  choose sth. for sb

  76. “把……视为”

  take A as B

  look on A as B

  regard A as B

  treat A as B

  consider A as B

  count A as B

  view A as B

  think of A as B

  77. “充满”

  be filled with

  be full of

  be crowed with

  be flooded with

  be peopled with

  78. “in”句型汇总

  in danger

  in trouble

  in surprise

  in black and white

  in brief

  in case

  in case of

  in that case

  in charge of

  in the charge of

  in common

  in depth

  in fact

  in effect

  in favor of

  in future

  in general

  in hand

  in order

  in order to do sth.

  in order that…

  in other words

  in pairs

  in person

  in private

  in public

  in progress

  in rags

  in reality

  in return

  in short

  in spirit

  in spite of = despite

  in sum

  in store for sb.

  in terms of

  in the air=in the sky

  in the end

  in truth

  in turn

  in vain

  in view of

  in want of

  in need of

  in one’s twenties

  interest sb. in sth.doing sth.

  be interested in sth.doing sth.

  have difficulty in doing sth.

  succeed in doing sth.

  spend some time in doing sth.

  be weak in sth.doing sth.

  do well in sth.doing sth.

  in stitches 笑破肚皮,笑得前仰后合

  The play had us in stitches.

  in (full) bloom 盛开

  in blossom 盛开

  in ruins

  in rough

  in that 在于

  in the blink of an eye 眨眼间,瞬间

  in pawn 典押

  in camera 秘密地

  79.“decide”句型汇总

  decide to do sth,

  decide sb. to do sth.

  decide on sth.

  You decide. = It depends on you.

  80. “dream”句型汇总

  realize one’s dream

  make one’s dream come true

  dream of doing sth.

  follow one’s dream

  81. “鼓励”与“泄气”句型

  encourage sb. to do sth.

  discourage sb. from doing sth.

  82. 五“照顾、照看”

  look after sb.

  take care of sb.

  attend to sb.

  wait on sb.

  care for sb.

  keep an eye on sth./sb.

  have an eye for sth.

  83. fail的句型

  fail (in)sth.

  fail to do sth.

  fail sb. = make sb. disappointed

  84. 从“做成”到“做败”

  succeed in doing sth.

  manage to do sth.

  attempt to do sth.

  fail to do sth.

  85.feel句型总汇

  feel + adj.

  feel like doing sth

  feel it + adj. + to do sth

  feel for sth. 摸索…

  feel sb. do sth.

  feel sth. to be

  86. “适合做……”,“有资格做……”

  be fit for

  be suitable for

  be great for

  be responsible for

  be qualified for

  be eligible for

  87. fit句型总汇

  fit sb. for sth.

  fit sb to do sth.

  be fit to sth.

  It is fit for sb. to do sth.

  88. free句型总汇

  be free from

  free sb.sth from

  set sb. free

  89. fun句型总汇

  have fun doing sth.

  It’s great fun doing sth.

  make fun of sb.

  90. “尊重”与“鄙视”

  look up to sb.

  respect sb.

  look down upon sb.

  despise sb.

  91.如何与人“结/离婚”

  marry sb.

  get married to sb.

  be married to sb.

  divorce sb.

  one’s marriage with sb.

  one’s divorce from sb.

  92. 过去分词短语做宾补

  have sth done

  get sth. done

  want sth done

  with sth done

  93. 两“放弃”

  give up sth./doing sth.

  drop sth.

  94. 两“检查”

  look over sb./sth.

  examine sb./sth

  95. good句型汇总

  be good to sb.

  be good for sb./sth.

  be good at sth.

  be good with sb./sth.

  do sb. good

  It’s good of sb. to do sth.

  It’s no good doing sth.

  It’s no good one’s doing sth.

  96. 四“感谢”

  be grateful to sb. for sth./doing sth.

  be thankful to sb. for sth./doing sth.

  thank sb. for sth./doing sth.

  thanks for sth./doing sth.

  97. 如何“猜”

  guess sb./sth to be

  make a guess at sth.

  98. harm句型总汇

  There is no harm in doing sth.

  It does no harm to do sth.

  do sb./sth. harm

  do harm to sb./sth.

  99. 四“渴望”

  be eager to do sth.

  long for

  be hungry for sth.

  be thirsty for sth.

  100. plan句型汇总

  have a plan for sth.

  have a plan to do sth.

  plan to do sth.

  plan out 精心安排

  Plan out your route before you go.

  出发前要精心设计你的路线。

  plan on doing sth.打算做某事

  We are planning on visiting him next month.

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